Journal article

Urinary and breast milk biomarkers to assess exposure to naphthalene in pregnant women: an investigation of personal and indoor air sources

Amanda J Wheeler, Nina A Dobbin, Marie-Eve Heroux, Mandy Fisher, Liu Sun, Cheryl F Khoury, Russ Hauser, Mark Walker, Tim Ramsay, Jean-Francois Bienvenu, Alain LeBlanc, Eric Daigle, Eric Gaudreau, Patrick Belanger, Mark Feeley, Pierre Ayotte, Tye E Arbuckle



BACKGROUND: Naphthalene exposures for most non-occupationally exposed individuals occur primarily indoors at home. Residential indoor sources include pest control products (specifically moth balls), incomplete combustion such as cigarette smoke, woodstoves and cooking, some consumer and building products, and emissions from gasoline sources found in attached garages. The study aim was to assess naphthalene exposure in pregnant women from Canada, using air measurements and biomarkers of exposure. METHODS: Pregnant women residing in Ottawa, Ontario completed personal and indoor air sampling, and questionnaires. During pregnancy, pooled urine voids were collected over two 24-hour periods on a w..

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