Long-Term Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Mortality
Hong Chen, Mark S Goldberg, Richard T Burnett, Michael Jerrett, Amanda J Wheeler, Paul J Villeneuve
EPIDEMIOLOGY | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2013
BACKGROUND: Findings from previous cohort studies suggest a positive association between traffic-related air pollution and cardiovascular mortality. However, few studies have assessed intraurban variation in traffic-related pollution or evaluated cardiovascular effects at lower levels of pollution that are typically seen in Canadian cities. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of traffic-related air pollution and cardiovascular mortality among adults who lived in three cities in Ontario, Canada. Study members of the cohort were a random sample from the federal family income tax database, comprising 205,440 adults age 35-85 years, who lived in Toronto, Hamilton, or Windsor between 1982 and 19..View full abstract
Supported by grants from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and Health Canada, and a CIHR Doctoral Research Award (H.C.).