Journal article

The Influence of Neighborhood Roadways on Respiratory Symptoms Among Elementary Schoolchildren

Robert Dales, Amanda J Wheeler, Mamun Mahmud, Anna-Maria Frescura, Ling Liu

JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2009

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the respiratory health effects of living near roadways. METHODS: We administered a questionnaire to Windsor school children. Exposure to roadways was defined as the total length of roadways within a 200 meter radius around the postal code of each household calculated using geographic information systems. RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratios comparing the highest to the lowest exposure (roadway density) quintiles, were statistically significant for wheeze 1.23 (95% CI: 1.07 to 1.41) (P = 0.0041) and wheeze with dyspnea 1.27 (95% CI: 1.05 to 1.52) (P = 0.0125). Expressed as a continuous variable roadway density was associated with asthma, odds ratio 1.08 (95% CI: 1.012 t..

View full abstract