Windsor, Ontario Exposure Assessment Study: Design and Methods Validation of Personal, Indoor, and Outdoor Air Pollution Monitoring
Amanda J Wheeler, Xiaohong Xu, Ryan Kulka, Hongyu You, Lance Wallace, Gary Mallach, Keith Van Ryswyk, Morgan MacNeill, Jill Kearney, Ewa Dabek-Zlotorzynska, Daniel Wang, Raymond Poon, Ron Williams, Corinne Stocco, Angelos Anastassopoulos, J David Miller, Robert Dales, Jeffrey R Brook
JOURNAL OF THE AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2011
The Windsor, Ontario Exposure Assessment Study evaluated the contribution of ambient air pollutants to personal and indoor exposures of adults and asthmatic children living in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. In addition, the role of personal, indoor, and outdoor air pollution exposures upon asthmatic children's respiratory health was assessed. Several active and passive sampling methods were applied, or adapted, for personal, indoor, and outdoor residential monitoring of nitrogen dioxide, volatile organic compounds, particulate matter (PM; PM < or = 2.5 microm [PM2.5] and < or = 10 microm [PM10] in aerodynamic diameter), elemental carbon, ultrafine particles, ozone, air exchange rates, allergens i..View full abstract
The participants and their families are gratefully thanked for their contributions to these 2 yr of data collection; without them, none of this research would have been possible. The careful field work undertaken by the numerous field technicians from Health Canada and the University of Windsor is appreciated. The authors would like to acknowledge contributions from Dr. Paul Villeneuve (Health Canada) for the power calculation; Alice Grgicak-Mannion (Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor) for the map of residential locations; Mark Davey (University of Washington), Steve Ferguson, and Dr. Mike Wolfson (Harvard School of Public Health) for their guidance on methods and laboratory analyses; Sandy Benetti of Environment Canada for her help in the initial coordination of the laboratory activities and sample analyses; Don Fugler of the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation and Dr. Russell Dietz of Brookhaven National Laboratory for their support with AER measurements; Environment Canada and MDEQ for permitting the authors to locate instruments at the College Road and Allen Park sites and access to their data for the method comparisons; and Dr. Markey Johnson and Dr. Scott Weichenthal from Health Canada for conducting the internal review. BAQS provided funding through Health Canada. Although this work was reviewed by EPA and approved for publication, it may not necessarily reflect official agency policy.