Journal article

Endogenous-peptide-dependent alloreactivity: new scientific insights and clinical implications

LJ D'Orsogna, THO Nguyen, FHJ Claas, C Witt, NA Mifsud



T-cell alloreactivity is generated via immune responsiveness directed against allogeneic (allo) human leucocyte antigen (HLA) molecules. Whilst the alloresponse is of extraordinary potency and frequency, it has often been assumed to be less peptide-specific than conventional T-cell reactivity. Recently, several human studies have shown that both alloreactive CD8(+) and CD4(+) T cells exhibit exquisite allo-HLA and endogenous peptide specificity that has also underpinned tissue-specific allorecognition. In this review, we summarize former and recent scientific evidence in support of endogenous peptide (self-peptide)-dependence of T-cell alloreactivity. The clinical implications of these findi..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers