Journal article

Rett syndrome: clinical characteristics and recent genetic advances

C Ellaway, J Christodoulou

Disability and Rehabilitation | TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2001

Abstract

PURPOSE: Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that occurs almost exclusively in females. In recent years there has been increased knowledge concerning the multidisciplinary management of individuals with Rett syndrome. The aim of this paper is to provide an update of the clinical phenotype, natural history and current genetic understanding of the disorder. RESULTS/CONCLUSION: Rett syndrome is thought to be the second most common cause of severe mental retardation in females after Down syndrome. it now appears that females with RS present with a much broader phenotype than originally described. Recently, mutations in the MECP2 gene encoding X-linked methyl-CpG-binding-protein 2 have..

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