Journal article

Age-Related Decline in Task Switching is Linked to Both Global and Tract-Specific Changes in White Matter Microstructure

Todd AD Jolly, Patrick S Cooper, Jaime L Rennie, Christopher R Levi, Rhoshel Lenroot, Mark W Parsons, Patricia T Michie, Frini Karayanidis

HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING | WILEY | Published : 2017

Abstract

Task-switching performance relies on a broadly distributed frontoparietal network and declines in older adults. In this study, they investigated whether this age-related decline in task switching performance was mediated by variability in global or regional white matter microstructural health. Seventy cognitively intact adults (43-87 years) completed a cued-trials task switching paradigm. Microstructural white matter measures were derived using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) analyses on the diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) sequence. Task switching performance decreased with increasing age and radial diffusivity (RaD), a measure of white matter microstructure that is sensitive to myelin struc..

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