Journal article

Identification of the penumbra and infarct core on hyperacute noncontrast and perfusion CT

MW Parsons, EM Pepper, GA Bateman, Y Wang, CR Levi

NEUROLOGY | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2007

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To correlate the two types of early ischemic change on noncontrast CT (NCCT) (parenchymal hypoattenuation [PH] and isolated focal swelling [IFS]) with concurrent assessment of cerebral perfusion and to compare their rates of progression to infarction. METHODS: We assessed cortical regions on NCCT for early ischemic change. Quantitative perfusion values were calculated for cortical regions from acute CT perfusion (CTP) maps of cerebral blood volume (CBV), blood flow (CBF), and mean transit time (MTT). Reperfusion and presence of infarction were determined from follow-up MRI. RESULTS: We studied 40 patients with sub-6 hour anterior circulation ischemic stroke; 19 received IV recomb..

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