Journal article

Catch a tiger snake by its tail: Differential toxicity, co-factor dependence and antivenom efficacy in a procoagulant clade of Australian venomous snakes

Callum Lister, Kevin Arbuckle, Timothy NW Jackson, Jordan Debono, Christina N Zdenek, Daniel Dashevsky, Nathan Dunstan, Luke Allen, Chris Hay, Brian Bush, Amber Gillett, Bryan G Fry

COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY C-TOXICOLOGY & PHARMACOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2017

Abstract

A paradigm of venom research is adaptive evolution of toxins as part of a predator-prey chemical arms race. This study examined differential co-factor dependence, variations relative to dietary preference, and the impact upon relative neutralisation by antivenom of the procoagulant toxins in the venoms of a clade of Australian snakes. All genera were characterised by venoms rich in factor Xa which act upon endogenous prothrombin. Examination of toxin sequences revealed an extraordinary level of conservation, which indicates that adaptive evolution is not a feature of this toxin type. Consistent with this, the venoms did not display differences on the plasma of different taxa. Examination of ..

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