Association Between Lifestyle Factors and the Incidence of Multimorbidity in an Older English Population.
Nafeesa N Dhalwani, Francesco Zaccardi, Gary O'Donovan, Patrice Carter, Mark Hamer, Thomas Yates, Melanie Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci | Published : 2017
Background: Evidence on the role of lifestyle factors in relation to multimorbidity, especially in elderly populations, is scarce. We assessed the association between five lifestyle factors and incident multimorbidity (presence of ≥2 chronic conditions) in an English cohort aged ≥50 years. Methods: We used data from waves 4, 5, and 6 of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Data on smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and body mass index were extracted and combined to generate a sum of unhealthy lifestyle factors for each individual. We examined whether these lifestyle factors individually or in combination predicted multimorbidity during the ..View full abstract