Journal article

Debunking the Myth of Wool Allergy: Reviewing the Evidence for Immune and Non-immune Cutaneous Reactions

Michaela Zallmann, Pete K Smith, Mimi LK Tang, Lynda J Spelman, Jennifer L Cahill, Gabriele Wortmann, Constance H Katelaris, Katrina J Allen, John C Su

ACTA DERMATO-VENEREOLOGICA | ACTA DERMATO-VENEREOLOGICA | Published : 2017

Abstract

Although wool is commonly believed to cause irritant (non-immune) and hypersensitivity (immune) cutaneous reactions, the evidence basis for this belief and its validity for modern garments have not been critically examined. Publications from the last 100 years, using MEDLINE and Google Scholar, were analysed for evidence that wool causes cutaneous reactions, both immune-mediated (atopic dermatitis exacerbation, contact urticaria, allergic contact dermatitis) and non-immune-mediated (irritant contact dermatitis, itch). Secondary aims of this paper were to examine evidence that lanolin and textile-processing additives (formaldehyde, chromium) cause cutaneous reactions in the context of modern ..

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