Journal article

Rapid forearc uplift and subsidence caused by impinging bathymetric features: Examples from the New Hebrides and Solomon arcs

FW Taylor, P Mann, MG Bevis, RL Edwards, H Cheng, KB Cutler, SC Gray, GS Burr, JW Beck, DA Phillips, G Cabioch, J Recy

Tectonics | Published : 2005

Abstract

Isotopically dated corals from the central New Hebrides and New Georgia Island Group, Solomon Islands, indicate that both forearcs underwent rapid late Quaternary subsidence that was abruptly replaced by hundreds of meters of uplift at rates up to ∼8 mm/yr, while total plate convergence was only a few kilometers. Two mechanisms that might account for these rapid reversals in vertical motion include (1) a "displacement" mechanism in which the forearc is displaced upward by the volume of an object passing beneath on the subducting plate (as the object moves deeper and vacates the base of the forearc, the forearc subsides to near its original position) and (2) a "crustal shortening" mechanism i..

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