Investigation of Diel Activity of Culicoides Biting Midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in the United Kingdom by Using a Vehicle-Mounted Trap
Christopher J Sanders, Simon Gubbins, Philip S Mellor, James Barber, Nicholas Golding, Lara E Harrup, Simon T Carpenter
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY | OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC | Published : 2012
Truck trap collections of Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) were made during 2 yr of sampling from 2008 to 2009 at a farm site in southern England. Samples were collected from 810 sample runs carried out over 52 d and contained 7,095 Culicoides of which more than half (50.3%) were identified as Culicoides obsoletus Meigen by using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay. Other commonly encountered species included Culicoides scoticus Downes & Kettle (14.7% of total Culicoides caught), Culicoides dewulfi Goetghebuer (3.7%), and Culicoides chiopterus Meigen (4.2%). The activity rates of these species were examined with regard to both meteorological factors (light intensit..View full abstract
Awarded by Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Awarded by Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
We thank Jon Clatworthy for the use of the field site. C.J.S., S. T. C., and S. G. are supported by Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (grants SE4204 and SE4209). The Institute for Animal Health receives grant-aided support from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council.