Collection of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) Using CO2 and Enantiomers of 1-Octen-3-ol in the United Kingdom
LE Harrup, JG Logan, JI Cook, N Golding, MA Birkett, JA Pickett, C Sanders, J Barber, DJ Rogers, PS Mellor, BV Purse, S Carpenter
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY | OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC | Published : 2012
The host kairomones carbon dioxide (CO2) and 1-octen-3-ol elicit a host seeking response in a wide range of haematophagous Diptera. This study investigates the response of Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) to these cues using field-based experiments at two sites in the United Kingdom with very different species complements. Traps used for surveillance (miniature CDC model 512) and control (Mosquito Magnet Pro) were modified to release ratios of (R)- and (S)-1-octen-3-ol enantiomers in combination with CO2 and, in the case of the latter trap type, a thermal cue. Abundance and species diversity were then compared between these treatments and against collections made using a t..View full abstract
Awarded by Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Awarded by DTI-LINK
Awarded by Natural Environment Research Council
The authors would like to thank Simon Gubbins, Camille Szmaragd, and Salvador Gezan for advice regarding the data analysis. we also thank the Institute for Animal Health Compton farm and the Ormsary Estate and for their cooperation during fieldwork. This work was supported by a doctoral training grant to LEH (BBSSC200513246) by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council and a DTI-LINK grant (J0018K) to Rothamsted Research.