Seroepidemiology of infection with hepatitis B virus in Fiji.
H Zhuang, AG Coulepis, P Zimmet, R Taylor, P Ram, S Banuve, ID Gust
American Journal of Epidemiology | Published : 1982
A batch of 984 sera obtained from a stratified sample of Melanesians and Indians living in rural and urban areas of Fiji in 1981 were for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) by solid phase radioimmunoassay. The prevalence of hepatitis B infection (as measured by the sum of HBsAg and anti-HBc frequencies of HBsAg negative sera in the two groups) was 81.5% and 17.9%, respectively. No major differences were detected between urban and rural populations. While hepatitis B virus is endemic in Melanesians and Indians, the epidemiology of the infection shows certain differences. Among Melanesians, infection appears to be acquired early in life and ..View full abstract