Patterns of migration indicate sexual transmission of HTLV-I infection in non-pregnant women in Papua New Guinea.
L Brabin, BJ Brabin, RR Doherty, ID Gust, MP Alpers, R Fujino, J Imai, Y Hinuma
International Journal of Cancer | Published : 1989
The prevalence of infection with human T-cell leukaemia virus (HTLV-I) was studied in Madang Province on the north coast of Papua New Guinea. Serum specimens collected from non-pregnant women in 17 villages were tested for anti-HTLV-I by gelatin particle agglutination screening and confirmed by immunofluorescence and Western blotting. Overall, 13.9% of subjects were antibody-positive, with the prevalence of antibodies varying from less than 10% to 30% in villages situated less than 10 km apart. Two groups of migrant women were identified, and in both a parity-related increase in antibody prevalence which occurred only after marriage suggested that the predominant mode of transmission in migr..View full abstract