Journal article

Viral hepatitis

Winita Hardikar

JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRICS AND CHILD HEALTH | WILEY | Published : 2019

Abstract

THREE FORMS OF VIRAL HEPATITIS CAN BE RECOGNIZED: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis non-A, non-B. Hepatitis A is caused by a picornavirus, is transmitted by the faceal-oral route, does not become chronic, and no chronic virus carriers exist. The virus can be grown in cell cultures, and killed as well as live attenuated virus vaccines are under development. Hepatitis B is caused by an enveloped virus containing a circular, double-stranded form of DNA. The disease is transmitted parenterally through inoculation of blood or blood products containing virus or through close personal contact with a virus-positive person. Hepatitis B becomes chronic in a certain number of cases and can lead t..

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