Journal article

The validity of self-report of eye diseases in participants with vision loss in the National Eye Health Survey

Joshua Foreman, Jing Xie, Stuart Keel, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2017

Abstract

We assessed the validity and reliability of self-report of eye disease in participants with unilateral vision loss (presenting visual acuity worse than 6/12 in the worse eye and equal to or better than 6/12 in the better eye) or bilateral vision loss (presenting visual acuity worse than 6/12 in the better eye) in Australia's National Eye Health Survey. In total, 1738 Indigenous Australians and 3098 non-Indigenous Australians were sampled from 30 sites. Participants underwent a questionnaire and self-reported their eye disease histories. A clinical examination identified whether participants had cataract, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. For those identifie..

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Grants

Awarded by NHMRC Career Development Fellowship


Awarded by Sylvia and Charles Viertel Charitable Foundation Clinical Investigator Award


Funding Acknowledgements

The National Eye Health Survey was funded by the Department of Health of the Australian Government, and also received financial contributions from the Peggy and Leslie Cranbourne Foundation and Novartis Australia. In-kind support was received from our industry and sector partners, OPSM, Carl Zeiss, Designs for Vision, the Royal Flying Doctor Service, Optometry Australia and the Brien Holden Vision Institute. We would like to specifically acknowledge OPSM, who kindly donated sunglasses valued at

30 for each study participant. The Centre for Eye Research Australia receives Operational Infrastructure Support from the Victorian Government. The Principal Investigator, Dr Mohamed Dirani, is supported by a NHMRC Career Development Fellowship (#1090466). Peter van Wijngaarden is the recipient of a University of Melbourne, Annemarie Mankiewicz-Zelkin Fellowship and a Sylvia and Charles Viertel Charitable Foundation Clinical Investigator Award (#VLT2015C018). The PhD student, Joshua Foreman is supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award scholarship. The Centre for Eye Research Australia (CERA) and Vision 2020 Australia wish to recognise the contributions of all the NEHS project steering committee members (Professor Hugh Taylor, Dr Peter van Wijngaarden, Jennifer Gersbeck, Dr Jason Agostino, Anna Morse, Sharon Bentley, Robyn Weinberg, Christine Black, Geneveive Quilty, Louis Young and Rhonda Stilling) and the core CERA research team who assisted with the survey field work (Pei Ying Lee, Rosamond Gilden, Larissa Andersen, Benny Phanthakesone, Celestina Pham, Alison Schokman, Megan Jackson, Hiba Wehbe, John Komser and Cayley Bush). Furthermore, we would like to acknowledge the overwhelming support of all collaborating Indigenous organisations who assisted with the implementation of the survey, and the Indigenous health workers and volunteers in each survey site who contributed to the field work.