Journal article

Circular RNAs: Isolation, characterization and their potential role in diseases

Lumei Liu, Jian Wang, Ramin Khanabdali, Bill Kalionis, Xiantao Tai, Shijin Xia

RNA Biology | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2017

Abstract

Circular RNA (circRNA) generated by alternative splicing represents a special class of non-coding RNA molecule. CircRNAs are abundant in the eukaryotic cell cytoplasm and have a characteristic organization, timing of action and disease specificity. In contrast to linear RNA, circRNAs are resistant to RNA exonuclease. Consequently, circRNA escapes normal RNA turnover and this improves circRNA stability. CircRNAs can be degraded by microRNA (miRNA) and this results in linearization of the circRNA, which can then act as competitor to endogenous RNA. Through interactions with disease-related miRNA, circRNA can play an important regulatory role in specific diseases. Furthermore, circRNAs have sig..

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