Essential role of neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein in podosome formation and degradation of extracellular matrix in src-transformed fibroblasts.
Kiyohito Mizutani, Hiroaki Miki, Hong He, Hiroshi Maruta, Tadaomi Takenawa
Cancer Res | Published : 2002
Transformation of cells by the src oncogene causes dramatic changes in adhesive structures. In v-src-transformed 3Y1 rat fibroblasts (3Y1-src), there are actin-rich protrusive structures called podosomes by which attachment to the extracellular matrix is thought to occur. In this study, we found that neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) colocalizes with filamentous actin (F-actin) in podosomes. Expression of dominant-negative mutants of N-WASP, Deltacof N-WASP and DeltaVPH N-WASP, both of which are incapable of activating the Arp2/3 complex, suppressed podosome formation, suggesting that N-WASP is essential in this process. Localization of N-WASP in podosomes appears to be attrib..View full abstract