Acquisition and invasiveness of different serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae in young children.
T Smith, D Lehmann, J Montgomery, M Gratten, ID Riley, MP Alpers
Epidemiol Infect | Published : 1993
Rates of acquisition and mean duration of nasal carriage of different serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae have been estimated by fitting a stochastic model to longitudinal carriage data in children from Papua New Guinea. Immunogenicity and two indices of relative invasiveness were determined for each serotype. Immunogenic serotypes were less frequently acquired and were carried for shorter periods, but no relationship between immunogenicity and invasiveness was apparent using either index of invasiveness. Frequent invasion was associated with a high acquisition rate and high frequency and prolonged duration of carriage. Carriage studies can provide a broad indication of which serotypes cau..View full abstract