Generalized reconstruction of phase contrast MRI: analysis and correction of the effect of gradient field distortions.
M Markl, R Bammer, MT Alley, CJ Elkins, MT Draney, A Barnett, ME Moseley, GH Glover, NJ Pelc
Magn Reson Med | Published : 2003
To characterize gradient field nonuniformity and its effect on velocity encoding in phase contrast (PC) MRI, a generalized model that describes this phenomenon and enables the accurate reconstruction of velocities is presented. In addition to considerable geometric distortions, inhomogeneous gradient fields can introduce deviations from the nominal gradient strength and orientation, and therefore spatially-dependent first gradient moments. Resulting errors in the measured phase shifts used for velocity encoding can therefore cause significant deviations in velocity quantification. The true magnitude and direction of the underlying velocities can be recovered from the phase difference images ..View full abstract