Toilet Talk: Eliminating Open Defecation and Improved Sanitation in Nepal
MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2018
Globally, 2.4 billion people lack adequate sanitation, and open defecation remains common. In this article, I present the qualitative findings from an evaluation of a water, sanitation, and hygiene intervention in remote, mid-West Nepal. The evaluation, conducted in 2014, involved villagers from eight wards in Kotgaun Village Development Committee. Drawing on the concept of the "toilet tripod," I argue as follows: multi-scalar political will provide an important foundation for construction and sustained use of toilets, proximate social pressures contributed significantly to toilet adoption and efforts to eliminate open defecation, and water insecurity constrained improved sanitation and hygi..View full abstract
This research was funded by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) and Australian Red Cross; the Institute for Human Security and Social Change, La Trobe University; and the Building Health Communities Research Focus Area, La Trobe University.