Journal article

Social Identity Reduces Depression by Fostering Positive Attributions

Tegan Cruwys, Erica I South, Katharine H Greenaway, S Alexander Haslam

Social Psychological and Personality Science | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2015

Abstract

Social identities are generally associated with better health and in particular lower levels of depression. However, there has been limited investigation of why social identities protect against depression. The current research suggests that social identities reduce depression in part because they attenuate the depressive attribution style (internal, stable, and global; e.g., “I failed because I’m stupid”). These relationships are first investigated in a survey (Study 1, N = 139) and then followed up in an experiment that manipulates social identity salience (Study 2, N = 88). In both cases, people with stronger social identities were less likely to attribute negative events to internal, sta..

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