Estradiol-17 beta has a biphasic effect on oxytocin secretion by bovine granulosa cells.
AK Voss, JE Fortune
Biol Reprod | Published : 1993
The peptide hormone oxytocin (OT) and its mRNA are synthesized by bovine granulosa cells. Bovine granulosa cells isolated before the preovulatory LH/FSH surge secrete low amounts of OT and respond to gonadotropins with an increase in OT secretion. After the LH/FSH surge, basal OT secretion increases 20-fold. At the same time, dramatic changes in steroidogenesis occur in the preovulatory follicle. Estradiol-17 beta production is high before and declines after the LH surge. The objective of this study was to determine whether steroid hormones, particularly estradiol-17 beta, influence OT secretion by bovine granulosa cells. Heifers (n = 5) were injected with prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha)..View full abstract