The value of urine osmolality as an index of stress in the ovine fetus.
EM Wintour, RJ Bell, M Congui, RJ MacIsaac, X Wang
J Dev Physiol | Published : 1985
In ovine fetuses, during 100-130 days of gestation, urine osmolalities less than 175 mosmol/kg water were associated with plasma immunoreactive adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH) concentrations below 40 pg/ml in 40/41 samples. In 18/29 fetuses with urine osmolalities greater than 175 mosmol/kg water plasma ACTH was significantly elevated. In 38 samples of fetal blood there was a significant correlation between plasma ADH and ACTH concentrations. By least squares regression the equation to the line was [ACTH] = 5.06 + 3.70 [ADH] (r = 0.62, P less than 0.001). In 50 samples from fetuses of gestational ages 100-140 days, with urine osmolalities of 302 +/- 86 mosmol/kg (mean +/- SD) the blood pH, pO2 a..View full abstract