Journal article

Procedural Pain Scale Evaluation (PROPoSE) study: protocol for an evaluation of the psychometric properties of behavioural pain scales for the assessment of procedural pain in infants and children aged 6-42 months

Dianne J Crellin, Denise Harrison, Adrian Hutchinson, Tibor Schuster, Nick Santamaria, Franz E Babl

BMJ OPEN | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2017

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Infants and children are frequently exposed to painful medical procedures such as immunisation, blood sampling and intravenous access. Over 40 scales for pain assessment are available, many designed for neonatal or postoperative pain. What is not well understood is how well these scales perform when used to assess procedural pain in infants and children. AIM: The aim of this study was to test the psychometric and practical properties of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry and Consolability (FLACC) scale, the Modified Behavioural Pain Scale (MBPS) and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) observer pain scale to quantify procedural pain intensity in infants and children aged from 6-42 months..

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Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

This work is supported by a grant provided by the Murdoch Children's Research Institute (MCRI). Furthermore, MCRI is providing assistance with recruitment of psychologist reviewers. Advice regarding the study design and analysis plan was provided by the Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatics Unit. Support for recruitment during the original study was provided by staff of the emergency department. This assistance will also be provided for recruitment and data collection during the current study.