Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation for resistant hypertension: a multicentre safety and proof-of-principle cohort study.
Henry Krum, Markus Schlaich, Rob Whitbourn, Paul A Sobotka, Jerzy Sadowski, Krzysztof Bartus, Boguslaw Kapelak, Anthony Walton, Horst Sievert, Suku Thambar, William T Abraham, Murray Esler
The Lancet | Published : 2009
BACKGROUND: Renal sympathetic hyperactivity is associated with hypertension and its progression, chronic kidney disease, and heart failure. We did a proof-of-principle trial of therapeutic renal sympathetic denervation in patients with resistant hypertension (ie, systolic blood pressure >/=160 mm Hg on three or more antihypertensive medications, including a diuretic) to assess safety and blood-pressure reduction effectiveness. METHODS: We enrolled 50 patients at five Australian and European centres; 5 patients were excluded for anatomical reasons (mainly on the basis of dual renal artery systems). Patients received percutaneous radiofrequency catheter-based treatment between June, 2007, and ..View full abstract