Journal article

Simulated gastrointestinal digestion and invitro colonic fermentation of date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) seed polyphenols

Sameera Sirisena, Said Ajlouni, Ken Ng

International Journal of Food Science & Technology | WILEY | Published : 2017

Abstract

Date seeds are a by‐product of date fruit industry and a rich source of polyphenols. In this study, in vitro bioaccessibility and colonic fermentation of major polyphenols from date seed powder (DSP) and DSP‐fortified yoghurt (DSPY) were investigated using HPLC. Catechin, epicatechin and procyanidin A2, B1 and B2 were stable during simulated gastric and sequential intestinal digestion. Bioaccessibility was significantly (P < 0.05) higher for all compounds from DSPY compared with DSP. After in vitro colonic fermentation of insoluble digestion materials, most of the target compounds were metabolised by faecal bacteria to ferulic acid, 3‐hydroxyphenylacetic acid, 3‐phenylpropionic acid and 3‐(4..

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