Journal article

Culture and language - The case of cultural dimensions and personal pronoun use

ES Kashima, Y Kashima

JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 1998

Abstract

The relationship between culture and language was examined across 39 languages spoken in 71 cultures. Correlations were computed across languages and cultures between the use of first- and second-person singular pronouns (e.g., "I" and "you") and global cultural dimensions such as Individualism, which were previously extracted in large-scale cross-cultural surveys. The personal pronouns were analyzed in terms of the number of first- and second-person singular pronouns and whether the pronouns can be dropped when used as the subject of a sentence in speech. Cultures with pronoun drop languages tended to be less Individualistic than those with nonpronoun drop languages. The number of personal ..

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