Journal article

Cervical Cancer Prevention Through HPV Vaccination in Low- and Middle-Income Countries in Asia

Zheng Quan Toh, Paul V Licciardi, Fiona M Russell, Suzanne M Garland, Tsetsegsaikhan Batmunkh, Edward K Mulholland

Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Published : 2017

Abstract

Cervical cancer is ranked the first or second most common cancer in women of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in Asia. Cervical cancer is almost exclusively caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), and majority of the cases can be prevented with the use of HPV vaccines. The HPV vaccines have demonstrated high vaccine efficacies against HPV infection and cervical cancer precursors in clinical and post-marketing studies, and are in use in most high-income countries. However, their use in LMICs are limited mainly due to the high costs and logistics in delivering multiple doses of the vaccine. Other issues such as the safety of the vaccines, social and cultural factors, as well as poor know..

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