Reduction of pulmonary toxicity by prednisolone prophylaxis during all-trans retinoic acid treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia. Australian Leukaemia Study Group.
JS Wiley, FC Firkin
Leukemia | Published : 1995
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) induces complete remission (CR) in most cases of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) but its use is associated with potentially fatal pulmonary toxicity in approximately 25% of APL patients in the setting of a rapidly rising peripheral blood white cell count (WBC). The efficacy of oral corticosteroid for prophylaxis against pulmonary toxicity has been investigated in a prospective multi-center study. ATRA was administered at 45 mg/m2/day as single agent therapy throughout induction treatment in 19 patients with an initial WBC < 10 x 10(9)/l, and prednisolone 75 mg/day was added in those 12 patients in whom the WBC rose above 10 x 10(9)/l. Combination chemotherap..View full abstract