From Flat Foot to Fat Foot: Structure, Ontogeny, Function, and Evolution of Elephant "Sixth Toes"
John R Hutchinson, Cyrille Delmer, Charlotte E Miller, Thomas Hildebrandt, Andrew A Pitsillides, Alan Boyde
Science | AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE | Published : 2011
Awarded by Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)
Awarded by Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Awarded by Versus Arthritis
We thank the staff of the Structure and Motion Laboratory of the Royal Veterinary College for assistance and three anonymous reviewers for constructive criticism. Many individuals assisted with the collection of the cadaveric data; we particularly thank the European-based zoos that provided the specimens and G. Fritsch for CT scans done in Germany. O. Cosar, R. Weller, A. Wilson, and K. Jespers assisted with the ex vivo loading experiments. J. Molnar assisted with Figs. 1 to 4 and the movies. This project was funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) (grants BB/C516844/1 and BB/H002782/1 to J. R. H.). Additionally, A. A. P. appreciates funding from Arthritis Research UK and the BBSRC, and A. B. was supported by the Veterinary Advisory Committee of the UK Horserace Betting Levy Board. The data reported in this paper are tabulated in the SOM. The authors declare no conflicts of interest.