REINFORCEMENT AND REPRODUCTIVE CHARACTER DISPLACEMENT IN GASTROPHRYNE CAROLINENSIS AND G. OLIVACEA (ANURA: MICROHYLIDAE): A REEXAMINATION.
Jasper J Loftus-Hills, Murray J Littlejohn
Evolution | Published : 1992
Tape-recorded advertisement calls of Gastrophryne carolinensis and G. olivacea, obtained in Texas and southern Louisiana, were analyzed by means of an analogue audiospectrograph. Samples were grouped into four areas: allopatric and sympatric for G. carolinensis, and combined adjacent allopatric/shallow sympatric, and sympatric for G. olivacea. Three attributes of the advertisement call (call duration, pulse rate, and dominant frequency) were investigated, with water temperature at the calling site as the independent variable. Values for dominant frequency do not overlap between species, across the full range of recording temperatures, and those of sympatric G. carolinensis are displaced away..View full abstract