Journal article

Airway vascular changes after lung transplant: Potential contribution to the pathophysiology of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome

SY Langenbach, L Zheng, T McWilliams, B Levvey, B Orsida, M Bailey, TJ Williams, GI Snell

The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2005

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) remains the primary factor limiting successful lung transplantation. In asthma and lung transplantation BOS-increased sub-mucosal vascularity has been shown to contribute to airflow limitation. Vascularity has 2 components: sprouting angiogenesis (more vessels) and microvascular enlargement (larger vessels). We hypothesized that the lack of a reanastomosed bronchial arterial blood supply at the time of transplant might stimulate angiogenesis and be a risk factor for subsequent BOS. METHODS: Twenty-seven initially stable lung transplant recipients (BOS 0) were recruited at 148 +/- 80 days post-transplant and underwent clinical and bronchosco..

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