The management of coagulopathy and blood loss in liver surgery.
Michael A Silva, Vijayaragavan Muralidharan, Darius F Mirza
Seminars in Hematology | Published : 2004
Liver surgery has long been associated with massive perioperative blood loss and high rates of postsurgery morbidity and mortality. Recent advances in our knowledge of hepatic segmental anatomy have led to the evolution of liver resection, and a growing awareness of the coagulopathy present in cirrhotic patients has produced a greater understanding of the factors influencing surgical hemostasis. This review will examine the risk factors for perioperative hemorrhage in liver disease patients, and will describe current pharmacological, surgical, and radiological methods available for controlling bleeding and achieving effective hemostasis during liver resection and orthotopic liver transplanta..View full abstract