Tuberculosis infection and homelessness in Melbourne, Australia, 1995-1996.
M Kermode, N Crofts, B Speed, P Miller, J Streeton
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis | Published : 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe tuberculosis infection among persons experiencing homelessness in inner Melbourne, Australia. DESIGN: Homeless people were surveyed during late 1995 and early 1996. In stage one of the study 284 homeless people from crisis and long-term accommodation sites were recruited by means of stratified, systematic, random sampling. In stage two a convenience sample of 100 homeless people from squats and the streets were recruited. Participants completed a questionnaire and Mantoux testing was performed. RESULTS: A past history of tuberculosis was reported by 3%. Thirty-seven per cent had a Mantoux > or =10 mm; 21% > or =15 mm; and 11% > or =20 mm. A Mantoux > or =15 mm was inde..View full abstract