Journal article

ENDOMETRIAL MICROVASCULAR DENSITY DURING THE NORMAL MENSTRUAL-CYCLE AND FOLLOWING EXPOSURE TO LONG-TERM LEVONORGESTREL

PAW ROGERS, CL AU, B AFFANDI

HUMAN REPRODUCTION | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 1993

Abstract

The mechanisms that underlie progestogen-induced endometrial breakthrough bleeding are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to quantify endometrial microvascular density in 54 controls and 42 women with 3-12 months' exposure to Norplant (levonorgestrel subdermal contraceptive implant) and to correlate it with bleeding pattern, endometrial histology, and peripheral plasma oestradiol and progesterone concentrations. Endometrial biopsies were processed routinely and sections immunostained using anti-CD34 antibody to identify vascular endothelial cells. Menstrual record card data were analysed using World Health Organization definitions. The mean microvascular density (+/- SEM) fo..

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