The associations of vitamin D status and dietary calcium with the metabolic syndrome: an analysis of the Victorian Health Monitor survey.
Poonam K Pannu, Yun Zhao, Mario J Soares, Leonard S Piers, Zahid Ansari
Public Health Nutrition | Published : 2017
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), dietary Ca intake and presence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). DESIGN: A stratified cluster sample of a population aged 18-75 years from the Victorian Health Monitor survey. SETTING: Non-institutionalized adults living in private dwellings in Victoria, Australia. SUBJECTS: Adults (n 3404) with complete data and without type 1 or type 2 diabetes. RESULTS: Adjusted for sociodemographic factors, physical characteristics and dietary covariates including Ca intake, every 10 nmol/l increase in serum 25(OH)D was significantly associated with decreased odds of MetS (adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=0·85, 95 % CI 0·80, 0·8..View full abstract