The validity of predicting the basal metabolic rate of young Australian men and women.
LS Piers, B Diffey, MJ Soares, SL Frandsen, LM McCormack, MJ Lutschini, K O'Dea
Eur J Clin Nutr | Published : 1997
OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of the Schofield, Schofield & James (1985) equations and those of Hayter & Henry (1994) for the prediction of the basal metabolic rate (BMR), of young Australians. DESIGN: BMR was measured by indirect calorimetry, while fat free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM) were measured by bioelectric impendence analysis (BIA) in 128 volunteers (39 men and 89 women), aged between 18 and 30 y. SETTING: Deakin Institute of Human Nutrition, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. RESULTS: The measured BMR of Australian men and women were significantly lower (P < or = 0.001) than the predicted BMR using the Schofield et al (1985) equation, with a mean (s.d.) bias (bias = meas..View full abstract