Perioperative epidural analgesia and outcome after major abdominal surgery in high-risk patients.
Philip J Peyton, Paul S Myles, Brendan S Silbert, John A Rigg, Konrad Jamrozik, Richard Parsons
Anesth Analg | Published : 2003
In a primary analysis of a large recently completed randomized trial in 915 high-risk patients undergoing major abdominal surgery, we found no difference in outcome between patients receiving perioperative epidural analgesia and those receiving IV opioids, apart from the incidence of respiratory failure. Therefore, we performed a selected number of predetermined subgroup analyses to identify specific types of patients who may have derived benefit from epidural analgesia. We found no difference in outcome between epidural and control groups in subgroups at increased risk of respiratory or cardiac complications or undergoing aortic surgery, nor in a subgroup with failed epidural block (all P >..View full abstract