Prospective study of the extent of internal anal sphincter division during lateral sphincterotomy.
AH Sultan, MA Kamm, RJ Nicholls, CI Bartram
Dis Colon Rectum | Published : 1994
PURPOSE: The aim of lateral internal anal sphincterotomy when treating anal fissure is to divide the distal one-third to one-half of the internal anal sphincter. This study aimed to evaluate prospectively the extent of disruption to the internal anal sphincter following lateral anal internal sphincterotomy and also to establish the prevalence of symptoms of anal incontinence in these patients. METHODS: Fifteen patients with anal fissure (ten females and five males) had bowel symptoms assessed and anal endosonography performed preoperatively and two months after lateral internal anal sphincterotomy. RESULTS: Anal endosonography was normal preoperatively in all but two females who had anterior..View full abstract