Cytokine regulation of human monocyte interleukin-1 (IL-1) production in vitro. Enhancement of IL-1 production by interferon (IFN) gamma, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, IL-2 and IL-1, and inhibition by IFN-alpha.
VA Danis, AJ Kulesz, DS Nelson, PM Brooks
Clin Exp Immunol | Published : 1990
IL-1 production (secreted and cell-associated) was measured in monocyte cultures stimulated by a variety of agents in vitro. Monocytes either adherent to conventional plastic culture plates in serum-free conditions, or in suspension in culture medium containing serum were stimulated to produce IL-1 during culture. In non-adherent, serum-free conditions, monocytes produced very low or undetectable amounts of IL-1 during 20 h of culture. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced equivalent amounts of secreted and cell-associated IL-1, although at very low concentrations more cell-associated IL-1 was produced. IL-1 production in response to LPS could be augmented by crude lymphokine, IFN-gamma, or tumou..View full abstract