Journal article

COX-2 inhibitors.

PM Brooks, RO Day

Med J Aust | Published : 2000


Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors constitute a new group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) which, at recommended doses, block prostaglandin production by cyclooxygenase-2, but not by cyclooxygenase-1. Two COX-2 inhibitors are currently available in Australia--celecoxib, which is taken twice daily, and rofecoxib, which is taken once daily. Both drugs act rapidly in providing pain relief and their anti-inflammatory analgesic effect in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis is equivalent to standard doses of non-selective NSAIDs. Celecoxib and rofecoxib show significantly lower incidences of gastrotoxicity (as measured by endoscopic studies and gastrointestinal ulcers and ble..

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