Isolation of ERp29, a novel endoplasmic reticulum protein, from rat enamel cells. Evidence for a unique role in secretory-protein synthesis.
MJ Hubbard, NJ McHugh, DL Carne
The FEBS Journal | Published : 2000
UNLABELLED: Recently we cloned and described ERp29, a novel 29-kDa endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein that is widely expressed in rat tissues. Here we report our original isolation of ERp29 from dental enamel cells, and the comprehensive sequence analysis that correlated ERp29 with its cognate cDNA, both in enamel cells and liver. Fractionation of enamel cells using a new freeze-thaw procedure showed that ERp29 partitioned with known reticuloplasmins, and not with soluble proteins from mitochondria or cytosol. The absence of ERp29 in secreted enamel matrix indicated that the C-terminal tetrapeptide (KEEL motif) confers effective ER-retention in enamel cells. ERp29 behaved as a single species..View full abstract