Journal article

Troglitazone stimulates repair of the endothelium and inhibits neointimal formation in denuded rat aorta

KM Hannan, RJ Dilley, ST de Dios, PJ Little

Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2003

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Vascular endothelium is emerging as a therapeutic target for atherosclerotic macrovascular disease in diabetes using oral hypoglycemic agents with pleiotropic actions. We have addressed whether the thiazolidinedione troglitazone has effects on the endothelial cell response to injury in rat aorta and its interaction with the growth response of underlying vascular smooth muscle. METHODS AND RESULTS: Repair of rat aorta after balloon catheter injury in troglitazone-treated (400 mg/kg per day by mouth) rats showed early acceleration of reendothelialization and late reduction in neointima formation. Complementary in vitro studies showed that troglitazone dose-dependently inhibited migr..

View full abstract