Journal article

Disease Model Distortion in Association Studies

Damjan Vukcevic, Eliana Hechter, Chris Spencer, Peter Donnelly

Genetic Epidemiology | WILEY | Published : 2011

Abstract

Most findings from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are consistent with a simple disease model at a single nucleotide polymorphism, in which each additional copy of the risk allele increases risk by the same multiplicative factor, in contrast to dominance or interaction effects. As others have noted, departures from this multiplicative model are difficult to detect. Here, we seek to quantify this both analytically and empirically. We show that imperfect linkage disequilibrium (LD) between causal and marker loci distorts disease models, with the power to detect such departures dropping off very quickly: decaying as a function of r4, where r2 is the usual correlation between the causal a..

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University of Melbourne Researchers