The diagnosis of right ventricular perforation by an endocardial pacemaker electrode.
HG Mond, JG Stuckey, G Sloman
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol | Published : 1978
The diagnosis of right ventricular perforation by an endocardial pacemaker electrode should be suspected when failure of pacing occurs without electrode displacement. Although a number of changes occur on the standard electrocardiogram (ECG), none of these are diagnostic. The intracardiac electrogram performed during electrode withdrawal is not only diagnostic of perforation but can also aid in electrode positioning. Two case reports highlight these changes in the intracardiac electrogram. The first case also illustrates that, with electrode perforation, the ability to sense the intrinsic intracardiac electrical activity may be retained.