Genetic factors in alcohol use-a genetic epidemiological perspective.
Drug Alcohol Rev | Published : 1994
The purpose of this paper is to put a genetic epidemiological perspective on the role of genetic factors involved in the susceptibility and expression of alcohol use. The consequences of familial aggregation in a trait is explained, and the evidence for familial aggregation in alcoholism is viewed critically. Methods for making inference about unmeasured genetic factors from family-based studies of twins, adoptees, etc. are examined. The meaning and limitations of "heritability" are explained. A summary of the literature regarding the possible role of genetic factors on several aspects of alcohol use, including alcohol metabolism, is presented. Some of the evidence for measured genetic facto..View full abstract