The epidemiology of genetic epidemiology.
Acta Genet Med Gemellol (Roma) | Published : 1992
Familial aggregation for disease is important; strong familial risk factors must exist even if the increased risk to a relative of an affected individual is modest. It is in practice difficult, however, to conduct studies in genetic epidemiology which conform to strict epidemiological principles. For twin studies there are two major questions: Are twins 'no different' from the population on which inference is to be made? Are study twins 'no different' to twins in the population? The importance of each question of bias depends on the scientific question, the trait(s) studied, and sampling issues. The strength of the twin design is its ability to refute the null hypothesis that genetic factors..View full abstract